We recorded eye movements in 5 patients with latent nystagmus (LN) before and after 2 days of occlusion of the better eye. The slow-phase speed of the nystagmus (SPS) was in general, before occlusion, lower when the better eye fixated but, after occlusion, lower when the worse eye fixated. However, the sum of SPS during right fixation and SPS during left fixation remained constant. Oscillopsia complaints gradually disappeared during the period of occlusion. These findings indicate that the difference between the SPS during fixation with the right eye and the SPS during fixation with the left eye in LN patients is caused by a compensatory drift that decreases LN during fixation with the better eye but increases LN during fixation with the worse eye. During occlusion, this compensatory drift changes its direction and magnitude slowly over days. Hence, occlusion of the better eye in children with amblyopia and LN should be prescribed only in days per week, not in hours per day.

amblyopia, flocculus, latent nystagmus, neural integrator, occlusion therapy
dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00153506, hdl.handle.net/1765/40460
Documenta Ophthalmologica
Department of Ophthalmology

Simonsz, H.J. (1989). The effect of prolonged monocular occlusion on latent nystagmus in the treatment of amblyopia. Documenta Ophthalmologica, 72(3-4), 375–384. doi:10.1007/BF00153506