The effects of work alienation on organizational commitment, work effort and work-to-family enrichment
Aim: The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of work alienation on organizational commitment, work effort and work-to-family enrichment. Background: There is substantial research on the effects of work alienation on passive job performance, such as organizational commitment. However, studies analyzing work alienation on active performance, such as work effort, and outside work, such as work-to-family enrichment, are scarce. Method: Two dimensions of work alienation are considered: powerlessness and meaninglessness. Hypotheses are tested using surveys collected among a national sample of midwives in the Netherlands (respondents: 790, response rate 61%). Results: Findings indicate that work alienation (powerlessness and meaninglessness) influence organizational commitment, work effort and – to a lesser extent - work-to-family enrichment. High work meaninglessness, in particular, has negative effects on these outcomes. Conclusion: When people feel that they have no influence in their work (hence, when they feel ‘powerless’) and especially when the feel that their work is not worthwhile (when they feel ‘meaningless’), this has substantial negative effects. Implications for nursing management: Managers should increase the meaningfulness people attach to their work, thereby maintaining a high-quality workforce. Possible strategies include: 1.Improving person-job fit, 2. Developing high-quality relationships, 3. Better communicating the results people help deliver.
|Keywords||meaningful work, organizational commitment, work alienation, work effort, work-fam|
|Journal||Journal of Nursing Management|
|Note||Accepted manuscript. Tummers, L.G. & Den Dulk, L. (forthcoming 2013). The effects of work alienation on organizational commitment, work effort and work-to-family enrichment. Journal of Nursing Management|
Tummers, L.G, & den Dulk, L. (2013). The effects of work alienation on organizational commitment, work effort and work-to-family enrichment. Journal of Nursing Management, 1–21. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/40472