In the modern economy, cities are assumed to be in fierce competition over attracting foreign investments. Despite the rich theoretical discourse on these 'wars', it remains unclear which territories are competing with each other over which types of investments. Combining insights from international economics, international business, and urban geography, we develop an indicator to measure revealed competition between territories for investments based on the overlap of investment portfolios of regions. Taking competition for greenfield investments between European regions as a test subject, we identify competitive market segments, derive the competitive threat a region faces from other regions, the competitive threat regions pose to other regions, and the most important market segments in which regions compete. We show that European regions with similar locational endowments pose a fiercer competitive threat to one another. Regions that are sufficiently large and distinctive face the smallest average competitive threat from all other regions. © The Author (2012). Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.

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Journal of Economic Geography
Erasmus School of Economics

Burger, M.J, van der Knaap, G.A, & Wall, R.S. (2013). Revealed competition for greenfield investments between European regions. Journal of Economic Geography, 13(4), 619–648. doi:10.1093/jeg/lbs024