The purposes of this study were to assess sexual behavior and condom use among Chinese college students, and to explore social-environmental and social-cognitive determinants associated with risky sexual behaviors within this population. A survey was conducted among 19,123 Chinese college students recruited through stratified cluster sampling. About 9% of the students reported having had sex (male-13.3%, female-5.0%, OR-2.918), 3.6% had multiple sexual partners (male-5.7%, female-1.6%, OR-3.624), and 0.9% had commercialized sex (male-1.6%, female-0.3%, OR-6.169). Only 24.8% of sexually active students had used a condom for every sexual encounter, and there was no significant difference in condom use between male students and female students. Logistic regression showed that sex (female, OR-0.769), age (older, OR-1.263), exposure to pornographic information (higher, OR-1.751), drinking (intoxication, OR-1.437), and smoking (OR-2.123- 5.112) were all determinants of sexual behaviors. Path analysis showed that exposure to pornographic information, level of consumption, and sex education were important social-environmental factors of condom use. Condom use was more common among those who had greater HIV/AIDS knowledge, attitudes toward highrisk behavior, self-efficacy, and intent to use a condom. Intentions were the most important and direct factor influencing condom use. The study concluded that college students are vulnerable to sexually transmitted diseases - including HIV/AIDS infection - through sexual contact. Therefore, future HIV/AIDS prevention and safer sex interventions should focus on self-protection skills and target behavior change.

China, Human immunodeficiency virus infection, acquired immune deficiency syndrome, adult, alcohol intoxication, article, college student, concurrent sexual partnership, condom use, environmental factor, female, health survey, human, major clinical study, male, pornography use, priority journal, prostitution, self concept, sexual behavior, sexual education, smoking, social aspect, unsafe sex,
AIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Sun, X, Liu, X, Shi, Y, Wang, Y, & Chang, H.C. (2013). Determinants of risky sexual behavior and condom use among college students in China. AIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV, 25(6), 775–783. doi:10.1080/09540121.2012.748875