Objectives: To determine whether the 6-minute walk test (6MWT) is predictive of peak oxygen consumption (Vo2peak) and whether the 6MWT is a clinically applicable alternative to cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) in ambulatory adolescents and young adults with cerebral palsy (CP). Design: Cross-sectional. Setting: University hospital and rehabilitation centers. Participants: Adolescents and young adults with CP (N=41) classified in Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) level I or II. Interventions: Not applicable. Main Outcome Measures: The covered distance during 6 minutes was measured with a 6MWT. The Vo2peak was obtained with CPET on a cycle ergometer. Results: Univariate linear regression analysis was used to study the relationship between the outcomes of both tests. A multiple linear regression analysis was performed to determine whether Vo2peak could be predicted by the 6MWT, sex, body mass, and GMFCS level. A significant relationship (P<.01) was found between the outcomes of the 6MWT and CPET, with an explained variance of 21%. The multiple linear regression analysis showed an explained variance of 58% and a standard error of estimate (SEE) corresponding to 18% of the mean Vo2peak. Conclusions: The 6MWT is poorly related to Vo2peak in ambulatory adolescents and young adults with CP. Because of a high SEE, the multiple regression model did not allow for prediction of Vo2peak from the 6MWT in ambulatory adolescents and young adults with CP.

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doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2013.05.023, hdl.handle.net/1765/41288
Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Slaman, J., Dallmeijer, A., Stam, H., Russchen, H., Roebroeck, M., & van den Berg-Emons, R. (2013). The Six-Minute Walk Test Cannot Predict Peak Cardiopulmonary Fitness in Ambulatory Adolescents and Young Adults With Cerebral Palsy. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 94(11), 2227–2233. doi:10.1016/j.apmr.2013.05.023