Background: To examine the association of intrahepatic fat with homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), a marker of insulin resistance, in Japanese adults, and whether intrahepatic fat is associated with insulin resistance independent of waist circumference and other measures of obesity. Methods: Fifty-three individuals aged 37-69 were studied. Spectrum obtained using a 3-T magnetic resonance imager was analysed with LCModel to quantify intrahepatic fat. Blood levels of insulin, glucose and other biochemical markers were obtained after 8 h or more fasting. Percent body fat was estimated by a bioelectrical impedance analyzer. HOMA-IR and intrahepatic fat content were log-transformed in the analysis. Results: We found a positive correlation between intrahepatic fat and HOMA-IR, which was independent of the anthropometric measures of obesity. In contrast, significant and positive correlations of body mass index, percent body fat, and waist circumference with HOMA-IR were largely explained by their associations with intrahepatic fat. Intrahepatic fat was positively associated with alanine transaminase and triglycerides even after adjustment for HOMA-IR. Conclusion: Intrahepatic fat was associated with insulin resistance independent of age, sex, and measures of obesity in Japanese adults. Hypertriglyceridemia and liver injury may directly occur subsequent to intrahepatic fat accumulation.

Ectopic fat, Insulin resistance, Liver, Magnetic resonance spectroscopy, Obesity,
Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Yatsuya, H, Nihashi, T, Li, Y, Hotta, Y, Matsushita, K, Muramatsu, T, … Tamakoshi, K. (2013). Independent association of liver fat accumulation with insulin resistance. Obesity Research & Clinical Practice, 1–6. doi:10.1016/j.orcp.2013.08.002