The effects of brief periods of major coronary artery occlusion on global and regional peak left ventricular (LV) filling rates were studied during angioplasty in 10 patients. No patient had had a previous myocardial infarction. High-fidelity LV pressure and volume were determined by angiography before and 20 and 50 seconds after the onset of transluminal coronary occlusion and soon after the last balloon inflation. Segmental wall motion was analyzed frame by frame along 20 hemiaxes. Global peak filling rate decreased significantly both after 20 (29%, p less than 0.05) and 50 seconds (27%, p less than 0.05) from the onset of the occlusion. The term sigma delta t1 was defined as the sum of the absolute values of the time differences from the occurrence of global peak filling rate and the segmental peak filling rate in 20 segments. This variable increased significantly during both periods of transluminal occlusion (by 73% and by 72% [both p less than 0.005], respectively), indicating asynchrony in the occurrence of regional peak filling rate. Simultaneously, the sum of intervals between aortic valve closure (end systole) and occurrence of peak segmental shortening, sigma delta t2, measured in the 20 segments, increased by 63% after 20 seconds and by 87% after 50 seconds (both p less than 0.005), showing major asynchrony in segmental contraction. A significant negative correlation was found between global peak filling rate and both sigma delta t1 and sigma delta t2 (r = 0.64, p less than 0.001 and r = 0.70, p less than 0.0001, respectively.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

*Angioplasty, Balloon, *Coronary Circulation, Coronary Disease/physiopathology/*therapy, Diastole, Heart Ventricles, Heart/physiopathology, Hemodynamic Processes, Human, Stroke Volume, Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, Systole
The American Journal of Cardiology
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Piscione, F, Hugenholtz, P.G, & Serruys, P.W.J.C. (1987). Impaired left ventricular filling dynamics during percutaneous transluminal angioplasty for coronary artery disease. The American Journal of Cardiology, 59, 29–37. Retrieved from