To investigate the clinical usefulness of intracoronary Doppler recordings during percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA), the changes of intracoronary blood flow velocity during PTCA were assessed in 20 patients with single proximal coronary stenosis, using a Doppler probe end-mounted on the tip of a PTCA catheter. A mean of 4 inflations was performed in each patient. Intracoronary velocities were measured before and after each inflation and during peak reactive hyperemia after each transluminal occlusion. Quantitative analysis of the coronary stenosis was assessed before and after PTCA, and the dilatation resulted in an increase in minimal luminal cross-sectional area from 1.1 +/- 0.8 to 2.7 +/- 1.2 mm2. A gradual and significant improvement in velocities was observed after the first 3 dilatations, but in 15 of the 20 patients the resting and hyperemic velocities were not affected by the fourth dilatation. Coronary flow reserve measured during reactive hyperemia after the last dilatation with the PTCA catheter across the lesion was 1.9. This value of coronary flow reserve is compatible with the residual stenosis measured after PTCA when corrected for the presence of the Doppler balloon catheter (0.68 mm2). This application of the Doppler technique may provide a new method of on-line functional monitoring of the PTCA procedure in individual patients, but does not yet allow an accurate prediction of the change in coronary geometry brought about by PTCA.

*Angioplasty, Balloon, *Blood Flow Velocity, *Coronary Circulation, Adult, Aged, Angina Pectoris/physiopathology/radiography/therapy, Coronary Angiography, Female, Human, Male, Middle Aged, Rheology, Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
The American Journal of Cardiology
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

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