How critical is frame selection in quantitative coronary angiographic studies?
European Heart Journal , Volume 10 - Issue F p. 54- 59
To analyse quantitatively a coronary arterial segment from a cineangiogram, an end-diastolic or neighbouring frame is usually selected. However, different cardiologists may select other (although usually neighbouring) frames, even when the same selection criteria are followed. It is also possible that the frames are selected from different cardiac cycles. In this study the effects of such phase shifts on the reproducibility of the quantitative measurements were studied. In a total of 38 consecutive patient films obtained at a filmspeed of 25 frames s-1, the frame phi demonstrating the severity of a lesion optimally as judged by a senior cardiologist, the three preceding frames, the three following frames and one frame exactly one cycle prior to or following frame phi were selected; frame phi was always chosen in the end-diastolic phase of the cardiac cycle. In each film one coronary arterial segment with a focal lesion was analysed quantitatively in these total of 8 frames with the Cardiovascular Angiography Analysis System (CAAS). No significant differences were found in the mean difference and the standard deviations of the differences (variabilities) in the obstruction diameter, interpolated reference diameter, percent diameter stenosis, extent of the obstruction and area of atherosclerotic plaque obtained in the various frames with respect to frame phi. Therefore, it may be concluded that the selection of a cineframe for quantitative analysis in the end-diastolic phase of the cardiac cycle is not very critical.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)