Exercise electrocardiographic (ECG) testing during follow-up after coronary angioplasty is widely applied to evaluate the efficacy of angioplasty, even in asymptomatic patients. One hundred forty-one asymptomatic patients without previous myocardial infarction underwent quantitative exercise ECG testing and quantitative coronary angiography 1 to 6 months after successful angioplasty in single vessel coronary artery disease to 1) determine the value of exercise ECG testing to detect "silent" restenosis, and 2) assess the long-term prognostic value of exercise ECG testing and coronary angiography. The prevalence of restenosis (defined as greater than or equal to 50% luminal narrowing at the dilation site) was 12% in this selected study group. Of 26 patients with an abnormal exercise ECG (ST segment depression greater than or equal to 0.1 mV), only 4 (15%) showed recurrence of stenosis. Sensitivity and specificity for detection of restenosis were 24% and 82%, respectively. One hundred thirty-four patients (95%) were followed up 1 to 64 months (mean 35) after exercise ECG testing and coronary angiography. Thirty-two patients (24%) experienced a cardiac event: in 25 patients (78%) the initial event was recurrent angina pectoris (New York Heart Association class III or IV) and in 7 patients (22%) it was myocardial infarction, although cardiac death did not occur. The mean interval between exercise ECG testing and the initial cardiac events was 14 months (range 1 to 55), whereas 47% of the initial events took place less than or equal to 6 months after exercise ECG testing.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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hdl.handle.net/1765/4385
Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Laarman, G-J, Luijten, H.E, van Zeyl, L.G.P.M, Beatt, K.J, Tijssen, J.G.P, Serruys, P.W.J.C, & de Feyter, P.J. (1990). Assessment of "silent" restenosis and long-term follow-up after successful angioplasty in single vessel coronary artery disease: the value of quantitative exercise electrocardiography and quantitative coronary angiography. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 16, 578–585. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/4385