This study reports the results from 3 European centers using rotary ablation with Rotablator, a device that is inserted into the coronary artery and removes atheroma by grinding it into millions of tiny fragments. Rotary ablation was performed in 129 patients. Primary success (reduction in percent luminal narrowing greater than 20%, residual stenosis less than 50%, without complications) was achieved by rotary angioplasty alone in 73 patients (57%). An additional 38 patients (29%) had successful adjunctive balloon angioplasty. Thus primary success was achieved in 111 patients (86%) at the end of the procedure. Acute occlusion occurred in 10 patients (7.7%). Recanalization was achieved by balloon angioplasty in 7: urgent bypass grafting was undertaken in 2. Q-wave and non-Q-wave myocardial infarction occurred in 3 and 7 patients, respectively. No deaths occurred. Follow-up angiography was performed in 74 patients (60%). Restenosis, defined as the recurrence of significant luminal narrowing (greater than 50%) occurred in 17 of 37 patients (46%) who underwent rotary ablation alone, and 11 of 37 patients (30%) who had adjunctive balloon angioplasty. The overall angiographic restenosis rate was 37.8%. In conclusion, rotary ablation is technically feasible, and relatively safe in the coronary circulation. The low primary success rate reflects the limited size of the device, which can be introduced through available guiding catheters, and limits the use of rotary ablation as a stand-alone procedure to lesions in small arteries or in distal locations. No reduction in restenosis was seen, but the role of this device combined with balloon angioplasty in larger arteries needs to be further defined.

, , , , , , , , , , , ,
The American Journal of Cardiology
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Bertrand, M., Lablanche, J. M., Bauters, C., de Jaegere, P., Serruys, P., Meyer, J., … Erbel, R. (1992). Percutaneous transluminal coronary rotary ablation with rotablator (European experience). The American Journal of Cardiology, 69, 470–474. Retrieved from