In this article four different work systems are distinguished: the traditional Tayloristic system, ???lean??? teamwork, ???sociotechnical??? teamwork, and the professional work system. Using a survey design the association with several employee outcome variables is analysed. The results show that: 1) work system is an important factor for explaining differences in the quality of working life and attitudes of workers; 2) the Tayloristic work system clearly has detrimental effects on the well-being of workers. 3) in a survey design, comparing just teamworkers and non-teamworkers is not enough due to the heterogeneity of both categories.

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Department of Public Administration