Limited data are available regarding the angiographic healing rate and physiologic impact of coronary artery dissections. Therefore, we studied the impact of coronary dissections on coronary flow velocity and outcome as well as their healing rate at 6-month follow-up balloon angioplasty. Of 297 patients who underwent balloon angioplasty, 225 underwent intracoronary Doppler measurements and 184 had Doppler and angiographic assessment at 6-month follow-up. Dissections were scored by an independent core lab (Cardialysis BV) and divided in 4 groups: mild (types A to B), moderate (type C), severe (D to F), and patients without dissections. Severe dissections (types D to F) were excluded from the analysis. Clinical, angiographic, and Doppler data were compared among the remaining 3 patient groups. From the 67 dissections detected after balloon angioplasty, only 3 (4.5%) remained unhealed at follow-up. Immediately after balloon angioplasty, the moderate dissection group was associated with a lower coronary flow velocity reserve than the patients with mild (2.16 +/- 0.60 vs 2.82 +/- 1.00, p = 0.037) or no dissections (2.16 +/- 0.60 vs 2.71 +/- 0.88, p = 0.046), respectively. In addition, higher recurrence of angina at 30 days was observed in the moderate group rather than in the mild group (5 [50%] vs 8 [16%], p = 0.0160) and in the patients without dissections (11 [12%], p = 0.007). After standard balloon angioplasty, the occurrence of unhealed dissections is a rare phenomenon. An impaired coronary flow reserve was observed after the development of nonocclusive type C dissections, which was associated with a worse short-term outcome.

*Coronary Circulation, Angioplasty, Transluminal, Percutaneous Coronary/*adverse effects, Blood Flow Velocity, Coronary Angiography, Coronary Disease/physiopathology/*therapy, Coronary Vessels/*injuries/physiopathology/ultrasonography, Echocardiography, Doppler, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Treatment Outcome, Wound Healing,
The American Journal of Cardiology
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Albertal, M, van Langenhove, G.J.J, Kay, I.P, Costa, M.A, Kozuma, K, & Serruys, P.W.J.C. (2000). Angiographic and clinical outcome of mild to moderate nonocclusive unstented coronary artery dissection and the influence on coronary flow velocity reserve. The American Journal of Cardiology, 86(4), 375–378. doi:10.1016/S0002-9149(00)00949-8