Cost for Treatment of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia in Specialized Institutions of Ukraine
Objective: The aim of this study was to identify, from a health care perspective, the cost of treatment for chronic lymphocytic leukemia in specialized hospitals in Ukraine.
Methods: Cost analysis was per- formed by using retrospective data between 2006 and 2010 from patient-ﬁle databases of two specialized hospitals (145 patients). Uncertainty was assessed by using bootstrapping and multivariate sensitivity analyses. Linear regression analysis was used to analyze whether patients’ characteristics are related to health care costs. In addition, one-way analysis of variance (Welch test) and paired- sample t test were conducted to compare mean costs of treatment between the two hospitals and mean expenses for drugs and in- hospital stay.
Results: The average annual cost for a patient’s drug treatment is 2047 EUR. The cost of hospitalization was signiﬁcantly lower (t ¼ 5.026; signiﬁcance two-tailed ¼ 0.000) and equal to 541 EUR per person, resulting in total expenditures of 2589 EUR. Mean total costs in the bootstrap analysis were equal to 2584 EUR (median 2576 EUR, 97.5th percentile 3223 EUR; 2.5th percentile 1987 EUR). The regression analysis did not reveal a relation between patients’ char- acteristics and health care costs, although hospital choice was an inﬂuential parameter (β ¼ −0.260; signiﬁcance ¼ 0.002). Signiﬁcant difference in mean costs of two analyzed hospitals was also con- ﬁrmed by one-way analysis of variance (Welch statistics 19.222, P ¼ 0.000).
Conclusions: Drug treatment comprises the largest portion of total costs, but differences between hospitals exist. Because many patients in Ukraine pay out of pocket for in-hospital drugs, these costs are a high economic burden for patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia
|Keywords||chronic lymphocytic leukemia, cost of treatment, hematologic, malignancies|
|Persistent URL||dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vhri.2013.06.006, hdl.handle.net/1765/50220|
|Journal||Value in Health Regional Issues|
Mandrik, E.A, Corro Ramos, I, Zalis'ka, O, Gaisenko, A, & Severens, J.L. (2013). Cost for Treatment of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia in Specialized Institutions of Ukraine. Value in Health Regional Issues. doi:10.1016/j.vhri.2013.06.006