The purpose of this paper is to document the fundamental shift that is taking place in OECD countries. This shift is from the managed economy to the entrepreneurial economy. While politicians and policy makers have made a plea for guidance in the era of entrepreneurship, scholars have been slow to respond. This paper attempts to make a first step identifying and articulating these differences. We do this by contrasting the most fundamental elements of the newly emerging entrepreneurial economy with those of the managed economy. We identify fourteen trade-offs confronting these two polar worlds. The common thread throughout these trade-offs is the increased role of new and small enterprises in the entrepreneurial economy. A particular emphasis is placed on changes in economic policy demanded by the entrepreneurial economy vis-?-vis the managed economy.

Europe, entrepreneurship, government policy, industrial structure, new economy
Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior: General (jel L20), Economics of Regulation (jel L51), Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting (jel M), New Firms; Startups (jel M13)
Erasmus Research Institute of Management
ERIM Report Series Research in Management
Copyright 2000, D.B. Audretsch, A.R. Thurik, This report in the ERIM Report Series Research in Management is intended as a means to communicate the results of recent research to academic colleagues and other interested parties. All reports are considered as preliminary and subject to possibly major revisions. This applies equally to opinions expressed, theories developed, and data used. Therefore, comments and suggestions are welcome and should be directed to the authors.
Erasmus Research Institute of Management

Audretsch, D.B, & Thurik, A.R. (2000). What's New About the New Economy? Sources of growth in the managed and entrepreneurial economies (No. ERS-2000-45-STR). ERIM Report Series Research in Management. Erasmus Research Institute of Management. Retrieved from