Abstract

Review Essay. In the 1970s and 1980s, Central America was associated with military governments, revolutionary movements, civil war, extreme inequality, and authoritarianism in the ‘backyard’ of the United States. Broad social mobilizations and political repression led to guerrilla uprisings in three countries simultaneously, putting the region around 1980 in a profound crisis with global dimensions. The excessive U.S. reaction led by President Ronald Reagan, his spokespersons Elliot Abrams (Undersecretary of State) and Jean Kirkpatrick (UN Ambassador), and implemented in the region by a range of Cold War veterans reinventing the Monroe Doctrine, suggested something special was happening there. Burrell and Moodie (2013, 15) summarize it as ‘a fanatic resolve to overcome the humiliation of Vietnam’.

democracy, Central America
hdl.handle.net/1765/51064
EUR-ISS-CIRI
European Review of Latin American and Caribbean Studies
International Institute of Social Studies of Erasmus University (ISS)

Biekart, K. (2014). Assessing the 'Arrival of Democracy' in Central America. European Review of Latin American and Caribbean Studies, April(96), 117–126. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/51064