This study evaluates the response of the coronary vessel wall to implantation of the sirolimus-eluting stent (SES), Bx-VELOCITY, by using serial intravascular ultrasound. SESs have a major impact on the inhibition of in-stent neointimal hyperplasia. However, changes in the vessel wall and behind stent struts in animal models and humans have not been evaluated after SES implantation. Thirty-four patients who received a SES (n = 24) or a Bx-VELOCITY bare stent (BS) (n = 10) for single de novo coronary lesions and had serial motorized pullback 3-dimensional intravascular ultrasound were included. Stent, lumen, and vessel volumes were similar in the 2 groups at baseline. At follow-up, significantly larger lumen and lower neointimal hyperplasia volumes (0.7 vs 33 mm3, p = 0.001) were seen in the SES group compared with the BS group. There was no significant difference between SES and BS in either the vessel volume (+2.4% vs +0.7%, p = NS) or the plaque behind stent volume change (+3.4% vs +2.5%, p = NS) from after the procedure to late follow-up. The stent edges also showed no significant difference between postprocedural and follow-up measurements, either in patients receiving SESs or BSs. No stented or edge segment required redilatation in the SES group, whereas 2 patients underwent repeat percutaneous coronary angioplasty in the BS group. In the SES group, 1 patient (4%) showed late acquired incomplete stent apposition. Thus, the SES is effective in inhibiting neointimal hyperplasia without affecting vessel volume and plaque behind the stent.,
The American Journal of Cardiology
Department of Cardiology

Degertekin, M., Regar, E., Tanabe, K., Lemos Neto, P., Lee, C. H., Smits, P., … Serruys, P. (2003). Evaluation of coronary remodeling after sirolimus-eluting stent implantation by serial three-dimensional intravascular ultrasound. The American Journal of Cardiology, 91(9), 1046–1050. doi:10.1016/S0002-9149(03)00146-2