New Findings: • What is the central question of this study? Are admittance-based pressure-volume measurements useful for the assessment of cardiac function in a chronic myocardial infarction model compared with three-dimensional echocardiography and with classical conductance measurements? • What is the main finding and its importance? Baseline admittance-based measurements show good agreement with echocardiography and classical conductance in human-sized porcine hearts. Myocardial infarction significantly alters ventricular dimensions and pressure-volume loop measurements compared with three-dimensional echocardiography. The novel admittance system reliably monitors changes in cardiac function after myocardial infarction. The aim of this study was to validate admittance-based pressure-volume (PV) loop measurements for the assessment of cardiac function in a porcine model of chronic myocardial infarction. The traditional PV loop measurement technique requires hypertonic saline injections for parallel conductance correction prior to signal conversion into volume. Furthermore, it assumes a linear relationship between conductance and volume. More recently, an admittance-based technique has been developed, which continuously measures parallel conductance and uses a non-linear equation for volume calculation. This technique has not yet been evaluated in a large-animal model of myocardial ischaemia. Eleven pigs underwent invasive PV measurements with the admittance system (AS) and the traditional conductance system followed by three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE). After baseline measurements, pigs were subjected to 90 min left anterior descending coronary artery occlusion, followed by the same measurements at 8 weeks follow-up. In the healthy heart, the AS showed good agreement with 3DE for left ventricular volumes and a reasonable correlation for ejection fraction (r= 0.756, P= 0.007). At follow-up, an increase in end-systolic volume was observed with 3DE (+15.4 ± 14.4 ml, P= 0.005) and the AS (+34.6 ± 36.1 ml, P= 0.010). The ejection fraction measured with 3DE (-13.2 ± 5.2%, P < 0.001) and the AS (-20.3 ± 11.2%, P < 0.001) significantly decreased. We conclude that the AS can be used for quantitative monitoring of changes in cardiac function induced by myocardial infarction and provides comparable results to 3DE, rendering it a useful tool for functional testing in large-animal cardiac models.,
Experimental Physiology
Department of Cardiology

van Hout, G. P. J., de Jong, R., Vrijenhoek, J. E., Timmers, L., Duckers, H., & Hoefer, I. (2013). Admittance-based pressure-volume loop measurements in a porcine model of chronic myocardial infarction. Experimental Physiology, 98(11), 1565–1575. doi:10.1113/expphysiol.2013.074179