Advances in neonatal neuroimaging have improved detection of preterm brain injury responsible for abnormal neuromotor and cognitive development. Increasingly sophisticated MR imaging setups allow scanning during early preterm life. In this review, we investigated how brain MR imaging in preterm infants should be timed to best predict long-term outcome. Given the strong evidence that structural brain abnormalities are related to long-term neurodevelopment, MR imaging should preferably be performed at term-equivalent age. Early MR imaging is promising because it can guide early intervention studies and is indispensable in research on preterm brain injury.

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Journal American Journal of Neuroradiology
Plaisier, A, Govaert, P, Lequin, M.H, & Dudink, J. (2014). Optimal timing of cerebral MRI in preterm infants to predict long-term neurodevelopmental outcome: A systematic review. American Journal of Neuroradiology (Vol. 39, pp. 841–847). doi:10.3174/ajnr.A3513