The distribution of immunohistochemically defined neuroen-docrine (NE) cells in benign, pre-cancerous and neoplastic prostatic tissues and the prognostic value of these cells in prostate cancer were studied in the radical prostatectomy specimens of 90 patients from whom complete long-term follow-up data were available. The tissue blocks containing all the different Gleason patterns observed in a particular tumor were selected and immunostained. Since chromogranin B stained only a few cells compared to chromogranin A (CgA), NE cells were only defined by their reactivity with CgA. A semiquantificative CgA score was assessed for all distinct pathological areas. Cox's regression model was used to analyze the influence of final TNM classification (TNM, 1992), Gleason sum score (GSS), age and CgA score on the probability of progression and tumor-specific death. NE cells were demonstrated in all normal prostatic tissues and in most hyperplastic and intra-epithelial neoplastic lesions. CgA staining was seen in 78% of the tumors. CgA scores were not related with Gleason growth patterns, GSS or TNM classification and had no prognostic value. The independent prognostic variables in Cox's regression model were: GSS and pT stage for progression and GSS for tumor-specific survival. Theoretically, NE cells could influence tumor behavior and this discrepancy suggests the need for experimental studies to investigate the role of NE cells in the normal and neoplastic prostate.,
International Journal of Cancer
Department of Urology

Noordzij, M., van der Kwast, T., van Steenbrugge, G. J., Hop, W., & Schröder, F. (1995). The prognostic influence of neuroendocrine cells in prostate cancer: Results of a long-term follow-up study with patients treated by radical prostatectomy. International Journal of Cancer, 62(3), 252–258. doi:10.1002/ijc.2910620304