The presence of ST-T-wave abnormalities in the resting electrocardiogram was reported as a predictor of coronary artery disease (CAD) and increased morbidity and mortality. However, the independent value of ST-T abnormalities for predicting the presence and severity of perfusion abnormalities during stress testing has not been studied in a homogenous patient group without known CAD. We evaluated the relation between resting ST-T abnormalities and myocardial perfusion abnormalities in 246 patients (age 59 ± 13 years, 114 men and 132 women) without known CAD or previous myocardial infarction referred for evaluation of possible myocardial ischemia by dobutamine (up to 40 μg/kg/min) stress sestamibi or tetrofosmin single-photon emission computed tomographic imaging. Resting ST-T abnormalities were present in 123 patients, whereas 123 patients with normal resting electrocardiograms served as a matched control group. Abnormal myocardial perfusion (fixed or reversible perfusion defects) was detected in 72% of men with and in 35% of men without resting ST-T abnormalities (p <0.0001), whereas the prevalence of myocardial perfusion abnormalities was not different in women with and without resting ST-T abnormalities (27% vs 23%, p = NS). In the entire population, independent predictors of an abnormal perfusion by multivariate analysis of clinical characteristics and risk factors were male gender (p <0.001, chi-square 10.5) and resting ST-T abnormalities (p <0.05, chi-square 3). Separate analysis of patients based on gender revealed resting ST-T abnormalities as independent predictors of abnormal perfusion in men (p <0.05, chi-square 4) but not in women. Stress perfusion defect score was higher in men with than without ST-T abnormalities (887 ± 545 vs 207 ± 180, p <0.001). It is concluded that resting ST-T wave abnormalities are associated with a higher prevalence and severity of resting and dobutamine- induced myocardial perfusion abnormalities in men but not in women. Resting ST-T wave abnormalities are powerful predictors of compromised myocardial perfusion independent of other clinical risk factors of CAD in men.,
The American Journal of Cardiology
Department of Cardiology

Elhendy, A., van Domburg, R., Bax, J., & Roelandt, J. (1999). Gender differences in the relation between ST-T-wave abnormalities at baseline electrocardiogram and stress myocardial perfusion abnormalities in patients with suspected coronary artery disease. The American Journal of Cardiology, 84(8), 865–869. doi:10.1016/S0002-9149(99)00456-7