Background—In the CAPTURE (c7E3 Fab Anti Platelet Therapy in Unstable REfractory angina) trial, 1265 patients with refractory unstable angina were treated with abciximab or placebo, in addition to standard treatment from 16 to 24 hours preceding coronary intervention through 1 hour after intervention. To investigate the incidence of recurrent ischemia and the ischemic burden, a subset of 332 patients (26%) underwent continuous vector-derived 12-lead ECG-ischemia monitoring. Methods and Results—Patients were monitored from start of treatment through 6 hours after coronary intervention. Ischemic episodes were detected in 31 (18%) of the 169 abciximab and in 37 (23%) of the 163 placebo patients (NS). Only 9 (5%) of abciximab versus 22 (14%) of placebo patients had 2 ST episodes (P<0.01). In patients with ischemia, abciximab significantly reduced total ischemic burden (P<0.02), which was calculated alternatively as the total duration of ST episodes per patient, the area under the curve of the ST vector magnitude during episodes, or the sum of the areas under the curves of 12 leads during episodes. Twenty-one patients (6%) suffered a myocardial infarction (MI) (18) or died (3) within 5 days of treatment. The presence of asymptomatic and symptomatic ST episodes during the monitoring period preceding coronary intervention was associated with an increased relative risk of these events of 3.2 (95% CI 1.4, 7.4) and 4.1 (95% CI 1.4, 12.2), respectively. Conclusions—Recurrent ischemia predicts MI or death within 5 days of follow-up. Treatment with abciximab is associated with a reduction of frequent ischemia and a reduction of total ischemic burden in patients with refractory unstable angina. As such, patients with ischemia derive particularly high benefit from abciximab.

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Circulation (Baltimore)
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Klootwijk, P., Meij, S., Melkert, R., Lenderink, T., & Simoons, M. (1998). Reduction of Recurrent Ischemia With Abciximab During Continuous ECG Ischemia Monitoring in Patients With Unstable Angina Refractory to Standard Treatment (CAPTURE). Circulation (Baltimore), 98, 1358–1364. Retrieved from