Herpes simplex virus (HSV)-specific T cells are essential to control and resolve genital herpes (GH). To investigate the potential involvement of γδ T cells in GH, T cells were recovered and expanded, by mitogenic stimulation, to T cell lines from the genital lesions of 17 patients with GH and 5 control subjects who had other diseases. Relatively high numbers of γδ T cells - predominantly, Vγ9Vδ2 T cells - were detected only in the T cell lines of the patients with GH. Intralesional Vγ9Vδ2 T cell clones did not recognize HSV-infected cells, but they showed reactivity to isopentenyl pyrophosphate and Daudi cells. The T cell clones secreted interferon-γ, tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin (IL)-8, macrophage inflammatory protein-1α, and RANTES (regulated on activation, normally T cell expressed or secreted), but they secreted no or limited IL-4. The results of the present study suggest the infiltration and putative involvement of isopentenyl pyrophosphate-reactive Vγ9Vδ2 T helper 1-like cells in individuals with GH.

doi.org/10.1086/422393, hdl.handle.net/1765/56141
The Journal of Infectious Diseases
Department of Dermatology

Verjans, G., Roest, W., van der Kooi, A., van Dijk, G., van der Meijden, W., & Osterhaus, A. (2004). Isopentenyl pyrophosphate-reactive Vγ9Vδ2 T helper 1-like cells are the major γδ T cell subset recovered from lesions of patients with genital herpes. The Journal of Infectious Diseases, 190(3), 489–493. doi:10.1086/422393