Background The SYNTAX score (SXscore), an anatomical-based scoring tool reflecting the complexity of coronary anatomy, has established itself as an important long-term prognostic factor in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The incorporation of clinical factors may further augment the utility of the SXscore to longer-term risk stratify the individual patient for clinical outcomes.Methods and resultsPatient-level merged data from >6000 patients in seven contemporary coronary stent trials was used to develop a logistic regression model-the Logistic Clinical SXscore-to predict 1-year risk for all-cause death and major adverse cardiac events (MACE). A core model (composed of the SXscore, age, creatinine clearance, and left ventricular ejection fraction) and an extended model [incorporating the core model and six additional (best performing) clinical variables] were developed and validated in a cross-validation procedure. The core model demonstrated a substantial improvement in predictive ability for 1-year all-cause death compared with the SXscore in isolation [area under the receiver operator curve (AUC): core model: 0.753, SXscore: 0.660]. A minor incremental benefit of the extended model was shown (AUC: 0.791). Consequently the core model alone was retained in the final the Logistic Clinical SXscore model. Validation plots confirmed the model predictions to be well calibrated. For 1-year MACE, the addition of clinical variables did not improve the predictive ability of the SXscore, secondary to the SXscore being the predominant determinant of all-cause revascularization. ConclusionThe Logistic Clinical SXscore substantially enhances the prediction of 1-year mortality after PCI compared with the SXscore, and allows for an accurate personalized assessment of patient risk.,
European Heart Journal
Department of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery

Farooq, V., Vergouwe, Y., Räber, L., Vranckx, P., Garcia-Garcia, H., Diletti, R., … Serruys, P. (2012). Combined anatomical and clinical factors for the long-term risk stratification of patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention: The Logistic Clinical SYNTAX score. European Heart Journal, 33(24), 3098–3104. doi:10.1093/eurheartj/ehs295