Objectives: We evaluated the accuracy of in vivo delayed-enhancement multislice computed tomography (DE-MSCT) and delayed-enhancement magnetic resonance imaging (DE-MRI) for the assessment of myocardial infarct size using postmortem triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) pathology as standard of reference. Background: The diagnostic value of DE-MSCT for the assessment of acute reperfused myocardial infarction is currently unclear. Methods: In 10 domestic pigs (25 to 30 kg), the circumflex coronary artery was balloon-occluded for 2 h followed by reperfusion. After 5 days (3 to 7 days), DE-MRI (1.5-T) was performed 15 min after administration of 0.2 mmol/kg gadolinium-DTPA using an inversion recovery gradient echo technique. On the same day, DE-MSCT (64-slice) was performed 15 min after administration of 1 gI/kg of iodinated contrast material. One day after imaging, hearts were excised, sectioned in 8 mm short-axis slices, and stained with TTC. Infarct size was defined as the hyperenhanced area on DE-MSCT and DE-MRI images and the TTC-negative area on TTC pathology slices. Infarct size was expressed as percentage of total slice area. Results: Infarct size determined by DE-MSCT and DE-MRI showed a good correlation with infarct size assessed with TTC pathology (R2 = 0.96 [p < 0.001] and R2 = 0.93 [p < 0.001], respectively). The correlation between DE-MSCT and DE-MRI was also good (R2 = 0.96; p < 0.001). The relative difference in CT attenuation value of infarcted myocardium compared to remote myocardium was 191 ± 18%. The relative MR signal intensity between infarcted myocardium and remote myocardium was 554 ± 156%. Conclusions: We demonstrated that DE-MSCT can assess acute reperfused myocardial infarction in good agreement with in vivo DE-MRI and TTC pathology.

doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2006.02.059, hdl.handle.net/1765/56207
Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Department of Cardiology

Baks, T., Cademartiri, F., Moelker, A., Weustink, A., van Geuns, R. J., Mollet, N., … de Feyter, P. (2006). Multislice Computed Tomography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging for the Assessment of Reperfused Acute Myocardial Infarction. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 48(1), 144–152. doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2006.02.059