The use of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) for the purpose of repeated follow-up examination of bone marrow samples from 38 leukemia patients was investigated. On the basis of conventional cytogenetic analysis, patients with acute leukemia whose leukemic cells carried numerical chromosomal aberrations were selected and followed with repetitive DNA probes that specifically hybridize to one chromosome type. Repeated cytogenetic metaphase analyses would have been laborious and not sensitive or quantitative enough to follow declining numbers of aberrant cells. FISH, as an interphase cytogenetic technique, provides a rapid and simple alternative with high sensitivity. Although FISH data before and after chemotherapy were in agreement with bone marrow cytology in 30 of 38 patients, discrepancies were noticed in specific cases. These could be explained by the presence of cytogenetically distinct subclones that behave differently during treatment, the presence of differentiated leukemic cells, changes in the chromosomal constitution caused by clonal relapse, or the fact that a numerical aberration is found by conventional chromosome banding analysis while the target region to which the probe is directed is still present in the nucleus as a diploid set.,
Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics
Department of Hematology

Arkesteijn, G., Erpelinck, S., Martens, A., Hagemeijer, A., & Hagenbeek, A. (1996). The use of FISH with chromosome-specific repetitive DNA probes for the follow-up of leukemia patients. Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics, 88(1), 69–75. doi:10.1016/0165-4608(95)00278-2