In transplantation studies, often longitudinal measurements are collected for important markers prior to the actual transplantation. Using only the last available measurement as a baseline covariate in a survival model for the time to graft failure discards the whole longitudinal evolution. We propose a two-stage approach to handle this type of data sets using all available information. At the first stage, we summarize the longitudinal information with nonlinear mixed-effects model, and at the second stage, we include the Empirical Bayes estimates of the subject-specific parameters as predictors in the Cox model for the time to allograft failure. To take into account that the estimated subject-specific parameters are included in the model, we use a Monte Carlo approach and sample from the posterior distribution of the random effects given the observed data. Our proposal is exemplified on a study of the impact of renal resistance evolution on the graft survival.,
Journal of Probability and Statistics
Department of Biostatistics

Murawska, M., Rizopoulos, D., & Lesaffre, E. (2012). A two-stage joint model for nonlinear longitudinal response and a time-to-event with application in transplantation studies. Journal of Probability and Statistics. doi:10.1155/2012/194194