Comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) was carried out on 15 primary testicular germ cell tumors (TGCT) of adolescents and adults and two metastatic residual tumors after chemotherapeutic treatment. The results were compared with karyotypic data obtained form the same tumor specimens after direct harvesting of metaphases or short-term in vitro culture. Both techniques revealed that the most consistent abnormality in primary TGCT is gain of 12p-sequences. Although in most cases over-representation of the complete short arm was observed, CGH revealed a specific amplification of 12p11.1-p12.1 region in two independent primary tumors. In addition, loss of (parts of) chromosome 13 (always involving q31-qter), and gain of (parts of) chromosome 7 (mostly involving q11), (parts of) chromosome 8, and the X chromosome were detected in more than 25% of the tumors by this latter technique. Loss of 6q15-q21 in both residual tumors analyzed may suggest a role for this anomaly in acquired resistance to chemotherapeutic treatment. Overall, the CGH analyses confirmed gains and losses of certain chromosomal regions in TGCT as observed by karyotyping, and thus support their role in the development of these neoplasms. The amplification of a restricted region of 12p in primary TGCT confirms and extends our previous observations and, as such, represents an important step forward in the identification of gene(s) on 12p relevant for the pathogenesis of these tumors.,
Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics
Department of Pathology

Mostert, M. M. C., Van De Pol, F., Weghuis, D. O., Suijkerbuijk, R., Geurts van Kessel, A., van Echten, J., … Looijenga, L. (1996). Comparative genomic hybridization of germ cell tumors of the adult testis: Confirmation of karyotypic findings and identification of a 12p- amplicon. Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics, 89(2), 146–152. doi:10.1016/0165-4608(96)00043-X