We propose a semi-automatic endocardial border detection method for left ventricular volume estimation in 3D time series of cardiac ultrasound data. We evaluated on data acquired with the Fast Rotating Ultrasound (FRU) transducer: a linear phased array transducer rotated at high speed around its image axis, generating high quality 2D images of the heart. From four manually drawn contours a 3D + time shape and edge pattern model is derived from which contour shape and edge patterns are estimated for each image using the models. Pattern matching and dynamic programming is applied to detect the contours automatically. The method allows easy corrections in the detected 2D contours, to iteratively achieve more accurate models and improved detections. An evaluation of this method on FRU data against MRI was done for full cycle LV volumes on 10 patients. Good correlations were found against MRI volumes (r=0.94, y=0.73x + 30.3, difference of 9.6 +/- 17.4 ml (Av +/- SD)) and a low interobserver variability for US (r=0.94, y=1.11x - 16.8, difference of 1.4 +/- 14.2 ml). On average only 2.8 corrections per patient were needed (in a total of 160 images). Although the method shows good correlations with MRI without corrections, applying these corrections can make considerable improvements.

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doi.org/10.1109/ULTSYM.2005.1603072, hdl.handle.net/1765/56706
Department of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery

van Stralen, M., van der Steen, T., Reiber, J., Bosch, H., Voormolen, M., van Burken, G., … de Jong, N. (2005). A novel dynamic programming based semi-automatic endocardial border detection method for 4D cardiac ultrasound. doi:10.1109/ULTSYM.2005.1603072