Pearson syndrome is an often fatal multisystem disease associated with mitochondrial DNA rearrangements. Here we report a patient with a novel mtDNA deletion of 3.4 kb ranging from nucleotides 6097 to 9541 in combination with deletion dimers. The mutation percentage in different tissues (blood, muscle and liver) varied between 64% and 95%. After a remission period of about a year, the patient suddenly died at the age of 3 years owing to a severe lactic acidosis. A second patient with a previously reported deletion of 8 kb and a milder phenotype was found to have mitochondrial duplications and died at the age of 10 years. From these data and data from previous reports, we hypothesize that duplications might be beneficial in the clinical course of the disease and in life expectancy.,
Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
Department of Neurology

Jacobs, L., Jongbloed, R., Wijburg, F., de Klerk, J., Geraedts, J., Nijland, J., … Smeets, H. (2004). Pearson syndrome and the role of deletion dimers and duplications in the mtDNA. Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease, 27(1), 47–55. doi:10.1023/B:BOLI.0000016601.49372.18