PURPOSE: The Palmaz Genesis Peripheral Stainless Steel Balloon Expandable Stent in Renal Artery Treatment (GREAT) Trial was designed to assess the safety and performance of a low-profile stent for the treatment of obstructive renal artery disease by looking at 6-month renal artery patency uniformly analyzed by a Core Lab. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-two consecutive patients (mean age, 63.7 years) were successfully treated with the Palmaz Genesis Peripheral Stent (Cordis, Miami, FL) on the Slalom 0.018-inch Delivery System (Cordis Europe N.V., Oosteinde 8, NLO-9301 LJ Roden, The Netherlands) at 11 investigational centers. Patients with severe renal failure and > 8-mm renal artery were excluded. Primary endpoint was angiographic determination of in-stent percent diameter stenosis at 6 months. Fifty-one patients were treated with one stent, one patient was treated with two stents to cover the complete lesion. RESULTS: Mean percentage diameter stenosis before renal angioplasty was 68.2% ± 12.0%. No stent implantation failure, displacement, need for additional stent implantation, or procedural complication was observed. Six-month angiography was performed in 41 of 52 patients (79%) resulting in a mean in-stent percent diameter stenosis or Quantitative Vessel analysis (QVA) at 6 months of 23.9%. The in-stent binary (percent diameter stenosis > 50%) restenosis rate at 6 months was 14.3%. No fatal events occurred up to 6 months after implantation. Major adverse events occurred in five patients: four patients (7.7%) required a revascularization and one patient (1.9%) experienced a cerebrovascular event, which regressed spontaneously. CONCLUSIONS: The Palmaz Genesis stent (Cordis) provides good results for renal artery stent placement, with an in-stent binary restenosis rate (percent diameter stenosis > 50%) at 6 months of 14.3% as determined with angiography.

doi.org/10.1097/01.RVI.0000171765.67665.D3, hdl.handle.net/1765/57026
Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology
Department of Radiology

Sapoval, M., Zähringer, M., Pattynama, P., Rabbia, C., Vignali, L., Maleux, G., … Talen, A. (2005). Low-profile stent system for treatment of atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis: The GREAT trial. Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, 16(9), 1195–1202. doi:10.1097/01.RVI.0000171765.67665.D3