This study assessed the incidence, clinical correlates, and prognostic significance of angina during dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) in patients who did not have inducible wall motion abnormalities. We studied 2,117 patients (61 ± 13 years of age; 1,149 men) who underwent large-dose DSE and had no new or worsening wall motion abnormalities during DSE. Follow-up events were hard cardiac events (cardiac death or nonfatal myocardial infarction) and myocardial revascularization. Angina was induced in 217 patients (10%) during stress. DSE was normal in 1,198 patients (57%), whereas 919 patients (43%) had fixed wall motion abnormalities. During a mean follow-up of 5.5 ± 3.7 years, 143 patients (7%) died of cardiac causes and 78 (4%) had nonfatal myocardial infarction. Patients who developed angina during DSE were more likely to have a history of exertional angina (64% vs 16%, p <0.001) and had a higher wall motion score index at rest (1.29 ± 0.5 vs 1.17 ± 0.4, p = 0.01) compared with patients who did not have angina. Annual hard cardiac event rates were 2.2% in patients who had dobutamine-induced angina (DIA) and 2.1% in patients who did not (p = NS). Myocardial revascularization was performed more frequently in patients who had DIA than in those who did not (39% vs 14%, p <0.0001). In Cox's regression model, independent predictors of hard events were age (RR 1.03, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.02 to 1.04), male gender (RR 1.6, 95% CI 1.1 to 2.2), smoking (RR 1.5, 95% CI 1.1 to 2.9), and wall motion score index at rest (RR 2.6, 95% CI 1.8 to 3.8). In conclusion, in patients who do not have ischemia by echocardiographic criteria during DSE, inducible angina pectoris is associated with a high incidence of revascularization during follow-up. However, the hard cardiac event rate does not differ in patients who develop DIA from those who do not.,
The American Journal of Cardiology
Department of Cardiology

Elhendy, A., Biagini, E., Schinkel, A., van Domburg, R., Bax, J., Rizzello, V., … Poldermans, D. (2005). Clinical and prognostic implications of angina pectoris developing during Dobutamine stress echocardiography in the absence of inducible wall motion abnormalities. The American Journal of Cardiology, 96(6), 788–793. doi:10.1016/j.amjcard.2005.05.021