Out of the necessity of having an abbreviated form of the EMBU, a measure of perceived parental rearing behavior, a short form (s-EMBU) consisting of three scales (Rejection, Emotional Warmth and Protection) with respectively 7, 6 and 9 items (plus 1 unsealed item) was developed from the original 81-item version. The factorial and/or construct validity and reliability of this s-EMBU were examined among samples of 2442 students from Italy, Hungary, Guatemala and Greece. The data were presented for the four national groups separately. The 23-item s-EMBU is recommended as a reliable functional equivalent to the 81-item early EMBU. Attention was drawn to the need for further research to explain some of the observed cross-national differences in the correlations between parental rearing styles and personality.

doi.org/10.1016/S0191-8869(98)00192-5, hdl.handle.net/1765/57306
Personality and Individual Differences
Department of Medical Psychology and Psychotherapy

Arrindell, W. A., Sanavio, E., Aguilar, H., Sica, C., Hatzichristou, C., Eisemann, M., … van der Ende, J. (1999). The development of a short form of the EMBU 1: Its appraisal with students in Greece, Guatemala, Hungary and Italy. Personality and Individual Differences, 27(4), 613–628. doi:10.1016/S0191-8869(98)00192-5