Manganese-induced hydroxyl radical formation in rat striatum is not attenuated by dopamine depletion or iron chelation in vivo
The present studies were aimed at investigating the possible roles of dopamine (DA) and iron in production of hydroxyl radicals (.OH) in rat striatum after Mn2+ intoxication. For this purpose, DA depletions were assessed concomitant with in vivo 2,3- and 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid (DHBA) formation from the reaction of salicylate with .OH, of which 2,3-DHBA is a nonenzymatic adduct. Following intrastriatal Mn2+ injection, marked 2,3-DHBA increases were observed in a time- and dose-dependent fashion reaching maximum levels at 6-18 h and a plateau beyond 0.4 μmol (fourfold increase). The delayed increase of 2,3-DHBA levels suggests that Mn2+ induces OH formation in the living brain by an indirect process. The early DA depletion (2 h) and relatively late .OH formation (6 h) indicate independent processes by Mn2+. In addition, depletion of DA (about 90%) by reserpine pretreatment did not significantly alter Mn2+-induced 2,3-DHBA formation or the extent of DA depletion, suggesting that DA or DA autoxidation are not participating in Mn2+-induced .OH formation in vivo. Furthermore, Mn2+ injection did not significantly alter the low molecular weight iron pool in striatum, and co-injections of the iron-chelator deferoxamine with Mn2+ into striatum did not significantly attenuate Mn2+-induced 2,3-DHBA formation. These findings suggest no role of chelatable iron in generation of Mn2+-induced .OH, but do not exclude a role for mitochondrial heme-iron or peroxynitrite (Fe-independent) in Mn2+-induced .OH formation.
|Persistent URL||dx.doi.org/10.1006/exnr.1996.0062, hdl.handle.net/1765/57340|
Sloot, W.N, Korf, J, Koster, J.F, de Wit, L.E.A, & Gramsbergen, J.-B.P. (1996). Manganese-induced hydroxyl radical formation in rat striatum is not attenuated by dopamine depletion or iron chelation in vivo. Experimental Neurology, 138(2), 236–245. doi:10.1006/exnr.1996.0062