Ki-67 immunoreactivity was studied in relation to immunohistochemically assessed expression of epidermal-growth-factor receptor (EGFR), estrogen receptor (ER) progesterone receptor (PgR) and cytosolic levels of cathepsin D in advanced human ovarian adenocarcinomas, borderline and benign cystadenomas and normal ovaries. A significantly higher number of Ki-67-positive cells were found in metastatic tumors vs. primary adenocarcinomas and in the total group of adenocarcinomas vs. benign/borderline cystadenomas. Cathepsin-D levels were also significantly higher in metastatic tumors than in primary adenocarcinomas, which in turn presented higher levels than were found in normal ovaries. However, no significant difference was observed between cathepsin-D levels in malignant adenocarcinomas and borderline/benign cystadenomas. Immunohistochemically assessed expression of ER and PgR was detected in variable percentages of epithelial tumor cells, and stromal cells were occasionally positive as well. In the group of primary adenocarcinomas, 46% were ER-positive and 34% were PgR-positive, although there was no significant difference between primary and metastatic lesions with respect to ER or PgR expression. Concordance between immunohistochemically assessed ER or PgR data and cytosolic ER and PgR levels measured with enzyme immunoassay was relatively low. EGFR, immunohistochemically assessed with MAb-EGFRI, was positive in 76% of the primary and in 78% of the metastatic adenocarcinomas. A strong positive association was detected between ER and PgR, and EGFR was observed to present a weak positive correlation with Ki-67 and ER. Cathepsin-D levels were not found to be significantly correlated with the expression of ER, PgR, EGFR or Ki-67. © 1994 Wiley-Liss, Inc.,
International Journal of Cancer
Department of Medical Oncology

Henzen-Logmans, S., Fieret, E. J. H., Berns, E., van der Burg, M., Klijn, J., & Foekens, J. (1994). Ki-67 staining in benign, borderline, malignant primary and metastatic ovarian tumors: Correlation with steroid receptors, epidermal-growth-factor receptor and cathepsin D. International Journal of Cancer, 57(4), 468–472. doi:10.1002/ijc.2910570405