The early presence of troponin T in serum strongly predicts short-term mortality and myocardial infarction in patients with acute coronary syndromes. We investigated the long-term outcome of the prognostic significance of the troponin T rapid bedside assay (TROPT) and compared this with the quantitative troponin T assay (cTnT enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay), myoglobin and creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) mass. One hundred sixty-three patients with chest pain and suspected acute coronary syndromes were studied and followed prospectively for 3 years. Serial blood specimens were obtained at admission and at 3, 6, 12, 24, 48, 72, and 96 hours after admission. Patients were classified as having acute myocardial infarction in 99 patients (61%), unstable angina in 34 patients (21%), and no evidence for acute cardiac ischemia in 30 patients (18%). At 3 years, 28 patients (17%) had died of which 25 deaths (15%) were for cardiac reasons. Twenty-one patients (13%) had a nonfatal (recurrent) myocardial infarction. At admission 29% of the patients were TROPT positive (≥0.2 μg/L), another 31% became positive within 12 hours, and 39% remained negative. When adjusted for baseline variables, a positive TROPT (any sample 0 to 12 hours) was independently associated with a higher risk of cardiac mortality (RR 4.3, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.3 to 14.0). Because troponin T stays elevated up to 2 weeks, later TROPT results between 24 and 96 hours remained significantly predictive for mortality. The cTnT enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (any sample 0 to 12 hours; cutoff ≥0.2 μg/L) was similarly predictive (RR 2.9, 95% CI 1.0 to 8.6). Early myoglobin results were significantly prognostic for cardiac mortality up to 12 hours after admission (RR 3.7; 95% CI 1.0 to 12.0). In contrast, serial CK-MB mass measurements were not predictive of mortality. Thus, a combination of a baseline TROPT and an additional TROPT 12 hours or later identifies a subgroup of patients at high risk for subsequent mortality and reinfarction, both at short-term but also at long-term. Article Outline

The American Journal of Cardiology
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Cobbaert, C., Kimman, G.-J., Zerback, R., Simoons, M., & van Domburg, R. (2000). Long-term prognostic value of serial troponin T bedside tests in patients with acute coronary syndromes. The American Journal of Cardiology, 86(6), 623–627. doi:10.1016/S0002-9149(00)01040-7