Tibolone, a steroidogenic compound with both estrogenic and progestagenic properties, is used as an alternative for estrogen or estrogen plus progesterone hormone therapy for the treatment of symptoms associated with menopause and osteoporosis. We have evaluated whether the effect of tibolone on a human endometrial cell line is similar to, or comparable with, the effect of estradiol (E2) medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) or E2+MPA treatment. Using stable transfection techniques, the estrogen receptor (ER) expressing human endometrial cancer cell line, ECC1, was altered to also express both progesterone receptors (PRs). These cells were then used to assess growth regulation and expression profilling (Affymetrix U133plus2) under the influence of E2 (1 nM), MPA (1 nM), E2+MPA or tibolone (100 nM). Growth assessment and comparison of profiles indicate that tibolone behaves predominantly like MPA. Furthermore, regulation of prereplication complex genes, such as the minichromosome maintenance genes, could be involved in the observed strong inhibition of growth by tibolone as well as MPA. In addition, in total, 15 genes were found to be specific for tibolone treatment. These genes were predominantly involved in regulation of the cell cycle and differentiation.

doi.org/10.1677/jme.1.02057, hdl.handle.net/1765/57542
Journal of Molecular Endocrinology
Department of Reproduction and Development

Hanifi-Moghaddam, P., Sijmons, B., Ott, M. C., van IJcken, W., Nowzari, D., Kuhne, E. C., … Blok, L. (2006). The hormone replacement therapy drug tibolone acts very similar to medroxyprogesterone acetate in an estrogen- and progesterone-responsive endometrial cancer cell line. Journal of Molecular Endocrinology, 37(3), 405–413. doi:10.1677/jme.1.02057