Motivation: Affymetrix high-density oligonucleotide microarrays measure the expression of DNA transcripts using probesets, i.e. multiple probes per transcript. Usually, these multiple measurements are transformed into a single probeset expression level before data analysis proceeds; any information on variability is lost. In this paper we demonstrate how individual probe measurements can be used in a statistic for differential expression. Furthermore, we show how this statistic can serve as a criterion for clustering microarrays. Results: A novel clust ering algorithm using this maximum significance criterion is demonstrated to be more efficient with the measured data than competing techniques for dealing with repeated measurements, especially when the sample size is small.,
Department of Immunology

de Ridder, D., Staal, F., van Dongen, J., & Reinders, M. (2006). Maximum significance clustering of oligonucleotide microarrays. Bioinformatics, 22(3), 326–331. doi:10.1093/bioinformatics/bti788