Background: Pre-clinical and clinical studies suggest that transplantation of bone marrow-derived stem cells can improve global cardiac function. However, no quantitative assessment of regional systolic contraction and correlation with phenotype has been made. Therefore, we used our model of cryoinfarcted rabbit myocardium for intracardiac transplantation of a mixed population of bone marrow-derived cells and assessed both regional function and myogenic conversion of the cells. Methods: Nineteen New Zealand white rabbits underwent cryoinjury of the left ventricle. Autologous bone marrow (BM) cells were expanded in vitro. After 2 weeks, either 1 × 108 mixed BM-derived progenitor cells (BM group, n = 11) or vehicle (control group, n = 8) were injected into the cryoinjured region. Regional systolic function was measured using micromanometry and sonomicrometry before and 4 weeks after cell injection; cell phenotype was evaluated histologically. Results: All animals in the BM group significantly improved both systolic shortening (0.11 ± 0.7 vs -0.05 ± 0.05 mm in the control group, p < 0.05) and regional stroke work when compared with control (9.6 ± 2.4 vs -1.2 ± 1.2 mm·mm Hg, p < 0.003). In addition, the BM group had improved global diastolic function, as measured by minimum dP/dt and end-diastolic pressure. On histologic assessment, BM cells differentiated toward a myogenic phenotype. Conclusions: Transplanting a mixed population of marrow-derived cells that can adopt a myogenic phenotype improves regional contractility and diastolic relaxation after myocardial infarction. Copyright,
The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
Department of Cardiology

Thompson, R., van den Bos, E., Davis, B., Morimoto, Y., Craig, D., Sutton, B., … Taylor, D. (2005). Intracardiac transplantation of a mixed population of bone marrow cells improves both regional systolic contractility and diastolic relaxation. The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation, 24(2), 205–214. doi:10.1016/j.healun.2003.10.021