Comparison of functional recovery of mildly hypokinetic versus severely dysfunctional left ventricular segments after revascularization in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy
Dysfunctional left ventricular (LV) segments showing contractile reserve during dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) are considered viable myocardium; functional recovery is expected after revascularization. Many segments, however, particularly mildly hypokinetic segments, do not recover. The reason for this failure is unknown. Two-dimensional echocardiography at rest and low-high-dose DSE were performed before revascularization in 114 consecutive patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy. Two-dimensional echocardiography at rest was repeated after 9 to 12 months. Segmental function was scored by a 5-point grading score. Functional recovery after revascularization was assessed in mildly hypokinetic (score 2, group I) and severely dysfunctional segments (score 3 to 5, group II). For each segment, functional recovery was defined as an improvement in functional score of ≥1 grade compared with the baseline score at rest. During low-dose DSE (up to 10 μg/kg/min), 183 group I segments (68%) and 438 group II (39%) segments had contractile reserve (p <0.0001). However, functional recovery was observed less frequently in group I segments (41%) than in group II segments (55%) with contractile reserve (p <0.005). During high-dose DSE (up to 40 μg/kg/min), in the group I segments with contractile reserve at the low dose, the sustained improvement pattern (indicating subendocardial scar) was prevalent (73%). After revascularization, 73% of segments with sustained improvement did not recover. Conversely, the biphasic response (indicating ischemically jeopardized myocardium) was observed only in 27% of group I segments. Functional recovery occurred in 39 of these segments (78%) (p <0.001 vs sustained improvement). Hence, mildly hypokinetic segments probably indicate the presence of subendocardial scars, and may explain the failure in functional recovery after revascularization.
|Persistent URL||dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amjcard.2003.10.030, hdl.handle.net/1765/58151|
|Journal||The American Journal of Cardiology|
Rizzello, V, Poldermans, D, Bax, J.J, Biagini, E, Schinkel, A.F.L, Bountioukos, M, … Roelandt, J.R.T.C. (2004). Comparison of functional recovery of mildly hypokinetic versus severely dysfunctional left ventricular segments after revascularization in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy. The American Journal of Cardiology, 93(4), 394–398. doi:10.1016/j.amjcard.2003.10.030