The Skindex is a well-studied dermatology-specific health-related quality of life (HRQOL) instrument. The objective of this study was to test Skindex-29 using Rasch analysis and, if necessary, to refine it so that it would fit this item response theory based model. The Skindex-29 of 454 Italian dermatological patients was subjected to Rasch analysis to investigate threshold order, differential item functioning (DIF), and item and overall fit to the model. The Skindex-29 did not fit the Rasch model (P<0.001). The 5-point scoring system was re-grouped into three categories and demonstrated logical response order for all but one item. Rasch analyses of a combined emotion and social functioning subscale of Skindex-29 resulted in a 12-item psychosocial subscale. Five of seven items were retained in a symptoms subscale. Both subscales fitted the model (P=0.32 and 0.13, respectively) without significant individual item misfit or DIF (P>0.05). Classical psychometric properties such as response distribution, item-rest correlation, item complexity, and internal consistency of the two subscales of Skindex-17 were at least adequate. The Skindex-17 is a Rasch reduced version of Skindex-29, with two independent scores that can be used in the measurement of HRQOL in dermatological patients.

Additional Metadata
Persistent URL,
Journal The Journal of Investigative Dermatology
Nijsten, T.E.C, Sampogna, F, Chren, M.-M, & Abeni, D. (2006). Testing and reducing Skindex-29 using rasch analysis: Skindex-17. The Journal of Investigative Dermatology, 126(6), 1244–1250. doi:10.1038/sj.jid.5700212