The radiosensitivity of primitive haemopoietic stem cells that repopulate the bone marrow with precursors of granulocytes and macrophages (MRA[CFU-C]), mature stem cells capable of forming spleen colonies in lethally irradiated recipients (CFU-S-7) and colony-forming units in culture (CFU-C) were determined in vitro and under hypoxic conditions in vivo for 1 MeV fission neutrons and 300 kV X-rays. The obtained D0's were compared with previously observed D0's after irradiation in vivo under normal oxic conditions. With 1 MeV fission neutron irradiation no significant difference in radiosensitivity of the cell populations was observed between normal in vivo irradiation and in vitro irradiation. With 300 kV X-rays a lower radiosensitivity for all three cell populations was observed after in vitro compared to in vivo irradiation. In vivo irradiation with fission neutrons under hypoxic conditions led to a small decrease in radiosensitivity. The obtained oxygen enhancement ratio (OER) for fission neutrons varied from 1.2 for MRA[CFU-C] to 1.5 for CFU-C. After in vivo irradiation with 300 kV X-rays under hypoxic conditions much higher OERs were observed. An OER= 1.8 was obtained for CFU-S and for MRA[CFU-C] and for CFU-C OER 3.0 and 2.9 were observed. These results indicate that the radioresistance of primitive haemopietic stem cells (MRA[CFU-C]) compared to mature stem cells (CFU-S-7) is mainly due to intrinsic factors and not to differences in localization or oxygenation between primitive and mature stem cells.

dx.doi.org/10.1080/095530096144770, hdl.handle.net/1765/58652
International Journal of Radiation Biology
Department of Hematology

Meijne, E.I.M, Ploemacher, R.E, & Huiskamp, R. (1996). Sensitivity of murine haemopoietic stem cell populations to X-rays and I MeV fission neutrons in vitro and in vivo under hypoxic I. Conditions. International Journal of Radiation Biology, 70(5), 571–577. doi:10.1080/095530096144770