Background: Approximately 5-8% of melanoma patients will develop in-transit metastases (IT-mets). Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF) and melphalan-based isolated limb perfusion (TM-ILP) is an attractive treatment modality in melanoma patients with multiple IT-mets. This study reports on a 20 years experience and outlines the evolution and major changes since the introduction of TNF in ILP. Methods: A total of 167 TM-ILPs were performed in 148 patients, between 1991 and 2009. TM-ILPs were performed at high doses of TNF (3-4 mg) from 1991 to 2004 (n = 99) and at low doses of TNF (1-2 mg) from 2004 to 2009 (n = 68) under mild hyperthermic conditions (38°C-39.5°C.). Melphalan doses were unchanged at 10-13 mg/l (leg and arm, respectively). Characteristics for the 167 ILPs were: 81 stage IIIB, 65 stage IIIC, and 21 stage IV disease. Results: The overall response rate was 89% (n = 148). (Complete response [CR] = 61%; partial response [PR] = 28%). CR rates correlated with stage (P = .001) and with high-dose vs. low-dose TNF (70% vs. 49%; P < .006). High-dose TNF prolonged local control (median 16 months vs. 11 months; P = .076). Survival was not influenced by TNF dose. CR after ILP and number of lesions also correlated with local progression-free interval. Overall survival did correlate with stage of disease (P < .001), size of the lesions (P = .001), and a CR (P < .001). Conclusions: This 2-decade single-center experience demonstrates that TM-ILP is a safe and effective treatment modality for melanoma patients with multiple IT-mets. Higher dose of TNF was associated with significantly higher CR rates and prolonged local control without an effect on overall survival.

Additional Metadata
Persistent URL,
Journal Annals of Surgical Oncology
Deroose, J.P, Eggermont, A.M.M, van Geel, A.N, de Wilt, J.H.W, Burger, J.W.A, & Verhoef, C. (2012). 20 years experience of TNF-based isolated limb perfusion for in-transit melanoma metastases: TNF dose matters. Annals of Surgical Oncology, 19(2), 627–635. doi:10.1245/s10434-011-2030-7