During a 2-year period, 136 self-expanding Wall-stents were implanted in saphenous vein bypass grafts in 69 patients with end-stage coronary artery disease. All patients had severe symptoms and the majority were poor candidates for either repeat surgery or conventional bypass coronary angioplasty because of unfavorable native anatomy, impaired left ventricular function, or a high-risk bypass lesion anatomy for coronary angioplasty. All procedures were technically successful without major complications and a need for emergency bypass surgery. However, during the hospital stay acute thrombotic complications occurred in seven patients (10%) resulting in one death and acute myocardial infarction in five patients and necessitating emergency repeat PTCA in two patients and repeat CABG in four. Twenty-three patients had serious hemorrhagic complications directly related to the rigorous anticoagulation schedule. Two patients died of fatal cerebral bleeding. During follow-up, another five patients died accounting for a total mortality rate of 12%. At late angiographic follow-up (4.9 ± 3.4 months, n = 53), 25 patients (47%) had a restenosis (≥50% DS) within or immediately adjacent to the stent, necessitating reintervention in 19 patients (PTCA, n = 12; repeat CABG, n = 7). In the group without stent-related restenosis (n = 28), 15 patients had progression of disease in either the native or bypass vessels leading to recurrence of major anginal symptoms within 1 to 24 months. Ten of these patients required further intervention (stent, n = 6; PTCA, n = 3; repeat CABG, n = 1). Stenting in saphenous coronary bypass grafts can be performed safely with excellent immediate angiographic and clinical results. Early occlusion, late restenosis, and bleeding complications associated with the aggressive anticoagulant treatment remain significant limitations. Reintervention as a result of restenosis or progression of disease in other lesions is common. Stenting of diseased bypass grafts in symptomatic patients with end-stage coronary artery disease (who are at high risk for conventional angioplasty or surgical reintervention) may be useful as palliative therapy.

dx.doi.org/10.1016/0002-8703(92)90716-9, hdl.handle.net/1765/58957
American Heart Journal
Department of Cardiology

de Scheerder, I.K, Strauss, B.H, de Feyter, P.J, Beatt, K.J, Baur, L.H.B, Wijns, W, … Serruys, P.W.J.C. (1992). Stenting of venous bypass grafts: A new treatment modality for patients who are poor candidates for reintervention. American Heart Journal, 123(4 PART 1), 1046–1054. doi:10.1016/0002-8703(92)90716-9