Hinterland accessibility is one of the main determinants in port competition. Improving hinterland accessibility is a complex process in which many actors are involved and many factors play a role. It requires coordination mechanisms beyond the price mechanism; conditions of complexity can become such that assistance is needed from other coordination mechanisms, such as introduction of incentives, creation of an interfirm alliance, changing scope, and creating collective action. The goal of this paper is to gain a better understanding on coordination in hinterland chains. Based on the insights of Transaction Cost Economics, a set of variables is explicated in order to understand when, by whom, and under which conditions and situations coordination arrangements are chosen. The variables can be divided into variables related to the complexity of the coordination problem and variables related to the coordination arrangement. The variables are used in an empirical analysis of coordination arrangements in hinterland transport from and to the port of Rotterdam. This analysis provides insight into the patterns and conditions of the emergence of different coordination arrangements that improve hinterland accessibility.

dx.doi.org/10.1080/03088839.2011.588257, hdl.handle.net/1765/59017
Maritime Policy and Management: an international journal of shipping and port research
Erasmus School of Economics

van der Horst, M.R, & van der Lugt, L. (2011). Coordination mechanisms in improving hinterland accessibility: Empirical analysis in the port of Rotterdam. Maritime Policy and Management: an international journal of shipping and port research, 38(4), 415–435. doi:10.1080/03088839.2011.588257