Reproducibility of flow velocity waveform recording and analysis was studied at fetal cardiac level (ductus arteriosus, pulmonary artery and ascending aorta) in 42 normal pregnancies. The flow velocity parameters studied were the peak systolic velocity (PSV), acceleration time (ACT), acceleration velocity (ACV), average velocity (AV) and flow velocity integral (FVI). In each patient, two consecutive measurements were performed (time delay 15 min) and of each measurement two hardcopies were analysed. A high reproducibility was achieved for the PSV, AV and FVI in all vessels studied; the coefficients of variation between readings of hardcopies were ≤3%, and the coefficients of variation between tests within patients were ≤7%. A moderate reproducibility was achieved for the ACT in the ascending aorta and pulmonary artery; the variation between tests was large for the ductus arteriosus. The reproducibility of the ACV was poor.

Fetal cardiac outflow tract, Doppler ultrasonography, Reproducibility
dx.doi.org/10.1016/0301-5629(91)90028-U, hdl.handle.net/1765/59204
Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Department of Gynaecology & Obstetrics

Groenenberg, I.A.L, Hop, W.C.J, & Wladimiroff, J.W. (1991). Doppler flow velocity waveforms in the fetal cardiac outflow tract: Reproducibility of waveform recording and analysis. Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology, 17(6), 583–587. doi:10.1016/0301-5629(91)90028-U