BACKGROUND: The associations between leptin levels and the prevalence of a polymorphism in the β3-adrenergic receptor were studied in a cross- sectional analysis of 600 participants in a population-based study, which were stratified for glucose tolerance by an oral glucose tolerance test. METHODS In a random sample of 600 participants in the Rotterdam study, aged 55-75 years at baseline (309 men, 291 women) the relationships were studied between the presence of Trp64 Arg mutation in the β3-adrenergic receptor gene and fasting leptin, glucose and insulin (fasting and after an oral glucose load), and other components of the insulin resistance syndrome. RESULTS: Mean age of the study population was 66.9 years (SD 5.7). Fasting serum leptin levels overall in men and women were 6.1 μg/l (SE 0.2) and 21.7 μg/l (0.9), respectively, (P<0.001). These differences were independent of age, body mass index and waist to hip ratio. We identified 73/600 persons who were heterozygotes for the Trp64 Arg polymorphism (allelic frequency 6.1%), but failed to find an association between the presence of this polymorphism and leptin or any measured parameter indicative for obesity, impaired glucose tolerance or type 2 diabetes mellitus. CONCLUSION: Heterozygosity for the Trp64Arg polymorphism of the β3-adrenergic receptor gene is not accompanied by obesity, impaired glucose tolerance and type 2 diabetes mellitus in the general elderly Dutch population, and is also not associated with changes in circulating leptin levels.

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Journal Clinical Endocrinology
Janssen, J.A.M.J.L, Koper, J.W, Stolk, R.P, Englaro, P, Uitterlinden, A.G, Huang, Q, … Lamberts, S.W.J. (1998). Lack of associations between serum leptin, a polymorphism in the gene for the β3-adrenergic receptor and glucose tolerance in the Dutch population. Clinical Endocrinology, 49(2), 229–234. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2265.1998.00513.x