Foxp3 is crucial for both the development and function of regulatory T (Treg) cells; however, the posttranslational mechanisms regulating Foxp3 transcriptional output remain poorly defined. Here, we demonstrate that Tcell factor 1 (TCF1) and Foxp3 associates in Treg cells and that active Wnt signaling disrupts Foxp3 transcriptional activity. A global chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing comparison in Treg cells revealed considerable overlap between Foxp3 and Wnt target genes. The activation of Wnt signaling reduced Treg-mediated suppression both invitro and invivo, whereas disruption of Wnt signaling in Treg cells enhanced their suppressive capacity. The activation of effector Tcells increased Wnt3a production, and Wnt3a levels were found to be greatly increased in mononuclear cells isolated from synovial fluid versus peripheral blood of arthritis patients. We propose a model in which Wnt produced under inflammatory conditions represses Treg cell function, allowing a productive immune response, but, if uncontrolled, could lead to the development of autoimmunity.

dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.immuni.2013.07.019, hdl.handle.net/1765/59693
Immunity
Biophysical Genomics, Department Cell Biology & Genetics

van Loosdregt, J, Fleskens, V, Tiemessen, M.M, Mokry, M, van Boxtel, R, Meerding, J, … Coffer, P.J. (2013). Canonical Wnt signaling negatively modulates regulatory T cell function. Immunity, 39(2), 298–310. doi:10.1016/j.immuni.2013.07.019