The definition of Financial Modelling chosen by the EURO working group on financial modelling is ‘the development and implementation of tools supporting firms, investors, intermediaries, governments and others in their financial-economic decision making, including the validation of the premises behind these tools and the measurement of the effectivity of the use of these tools’. Clearly, in this definition, the decision and its solution is central. Unlike financial modelling in our definition, the theory of finance is not so much concerned with individual decisions, but rather with the effects of the decisions and actions of many individuals on the formation of prices in financial markets. It is therefore no wonder that the assumptions underlying financial theory, which at best describe ‘average individuals’ and ‘average decision situations’, are not suited to describe specific individual decision problems. In our view it is the role of financial modelling to support individual decision making, taking account of the peculiarities of the actual case, where possible taking benefit from the results of the financial theory. This philosophy towards financial modelling is illustrated by a framework for portfolio management.

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