Tissue harmonic imaging (THI) has been shown to increase image quality of medical ultrasound in the frequency range from 2 to 10 MHz and might, therefore, also be used to improve image quality in intravascular ultrasound (IVUS). In this study we constructed a prototype IVUS system that could operate in both fundamental frequency and second harmonic imaging modes. This system uses a conventional, continuously rotating, single-element IVUS catheter and was operated in fundamental 20 MHz, fundamental 40 MHz, and harmonic 40 MHz modes (transmit 20 MHz, receive 40 MHz). Hydrophone beam characterization measurements demonstrated the build-up of a second harmonic signal as a function of increasing pressure. Imaging experiments were conducted in both a tissuemimicking phantom and in an atherosclerotic animal model in vivo. Acquisitions of fundamental 20 and 40 MHz and second harmonic acquisitions resulted in cross sections of the phantom and a rabbit aorta. The harmonic results of the imaging experiments showed the feasibility of intravascular THI with a conventional IVUS catheter both in a phantom and in vivo. The harmonic acquisitions also showed the potential of THI to reduce image artifacts compared to fundamental imaging.

dx.doi.org/10.1109/TUFFC.2006.116, hdl.handle.net/1765/60260
I E E E Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control
Department of Cardiology

Frijlink, M.E, Goertz, D.E, van Damme, L.C.A, Krams, R, & van der Steen, A.F.W. (2006). Intravascular ultrasound tissue harmonic imaging in vivo. I E E E Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control, 53(10), 1844–1851. doi:10.1109/TUFFC.2006.116